• Phonemic Awareness

    In order for students to be strong readers and writers, they will need to have strong phonemic awareness.  This is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the sounds in words.  You don't need any materials to practice phonemic awareness with your child!  It's all about listening!  Below are some activities you can try together.  

    *Your child should tell you sounds they hear, not letter names.  

     

    First sounds

    Say a word.  Have your child tell you only the first sound they hear.  

    mop = /m/       cat = /k/        sit = /s/

     

    Middle sounds

    Say a word.  Have your chid tell you only the middle sound they hear.  

    To help students hear the middle sounds clearly, we say the word slowly as we ride a rollercoaster with our hands.  When we reach the top of the rollercoaster, we hear the middle sound.  

    mop = /o/       cat = /a/       sit = /t/

     

    Last sounds

    Say a word.  Have your child tell you only the last sound they hear.  

    To help students hear the last sounds clearly, we say the word slowly as we ride a rollercoaster with our hands.  When we reach the end of the rollercoaster and put on our brakes, we hear the last sound.  

    mop = p        cat = /t/       sit = /t/

     

    Phoneme segmentation 

    Say a word.  Have your child tell you all the sounds they hear, in order.  

    To help students hear all of the sounds clearly, we say the word slowly as we ride a rollercoaster with our hands.  Then, students tap their fingers as they say each sound separately.  

    mop = /m/ /o/ /p/         cat = /c/ /a/ /t/            sit = /s/ /i/ /t/         flag = /f/ /l/ /a/ /g/

     

    Blending - "Guess My Word"

    Say the sounds in a word.  Have your child tell you what word the sounds make.  

    /m/ /o/ /p/ = mop       /c/ /a/ /t/ = cat           /s/ /i/ /t/ = sit         /f/ /l/ /a/ /g/ = flag

     

    You can make practicing these skills fun by incorporating them into any simple board game.  Each player can do one of the above activities before they roll a die or take a turn.  

     

    If you have trouble thinking of words to use, please follow the links below to find some great word lists:

    Word List by Measured Mom

    2, 3, and 4 Phoneme Words