At Brighton High School, we encourage students to become proficient writers by using a writing technique called argumentative writing or claim, evidence, reasoning (CER). This technique asks students to develop a claim, provide evidence to support their claim, then follow it up with reasoning as to why the information being supplied and supported is important and defends the inital claim. Students who use this technique of writing will become proficient writters in all subjects at school as well as in their future endeavors.
Below you will find more information explaining the CER process as well as some tools to assist your student in becoming proficient writers.
CER Paragraph Checklist
Students should consider having the following items when they write a paragraph:
|Requirements to Consider
|Content and Organization
|Student begins writing with a claim (opinion statement) that answers the prompt. Student provides at least two pieces of evidence that support his/her claim (evidence may include quotations, facts, and/or personal experiences; however, one piece of evidence MUST be from a literary source). Student includes reasoning for each piece of evidence that shows critical thinking. Student has explained ideas in a logical order.
|Style and Fluency
|Sentences are fluent and easy to understand. Student transitions between ideas smoothly. Evidence is introduced sufficiently. Student uses vocabulary and a writing style that is appropriate for the audience that he/she is addressing.
|Few, if any, spelling and grammatical errors. Writing is readable and shows evidence of proofreading. Evidence is correctly documented.
|What is your claim? Your stance, your opinion.
|Stance Opinion Hypothesis Proposition Belief Argument Topic sentence Thesis Main idea Main Statement
|Evidence is the reading and observations, it is what we look at to draw our conclusions.
|Support Proof Experiment Results Data Background Knowledge Behavior Quote Chart
|Reasoning EXPLAINS how we see the evidence and how it ties back to the claim.
|How do you SEE the evidence? How does your evidence PROVE your point? What does the evidence MEAN? Why does the evidence MATTER? Interpret it! Connect it! Move it to the bigger picture!